Northern Long Eared Bat Control
About the Northern Long Eared Bat
The Northern Long ear bat is a type of bat that is normally found in the north central United States and in the eastern United States. The bat is also found in almost all of Canada. The Northern Long ear bat can be found in thirty-nine states throughout the union.
The northern long eared bat is considered to be a medium size bat. The bat is normally between three and 3.7 inches long. It has a wingspan of around nine to ten inches. The bat can be identified by its dark brown to medium brown fur on its back. The underside of the bat is pale-brown to tawny. The name suggests that this bat has long ears and it does have pretty long ears.
In the winter Northern long eared bats hibernate in dark spaces such as caves and mines. The mines and caves that they use are typically large and have big passages and entrances. They like temperatures to remain constant and they also like for the humidity to be high. They also prefer for there to be no air currents in the cave. Sometimes the bats choose areas where the humidity is so high that there will be droplets of water on the fur of the bat. These bats hibernate in the winter in caves.
The northern long eared bats live by themselves or in colonies inside trees during the summer. Sometimes they live in cooler places when it is too hot, such as mines and caves. The bats usually pick trees that often have a large amount of cavities. On occasion the bats will be found in sheds or barns.
Northern long eared bats reproduce towards the end of the summer and the beginning of the fall. The bats will reproduce during this time and the females will fertilize the eggs during the spring. This is known as delayed fertilization.
Pregnant bats migrate during the summer and they live in colonies. The bats usually only give birth to a single pup. These maternity colonies usually have between 30 and 60 bats. Scientists have seen larger colonies. The bats give birth to their pups during early June to late July.
After the bats are born they usually wait about three weeks to start flying. They usually will stay with their maternity colony for a while after that.
The bats have fairly long life spans. They sometimes live as long as nineteen years.
The Northern long eared bats eat insects. They typically feed at night and they consume moths, leafhoppers, beetles, and flies. They love eating insects and they sometimes find them near water surfaces and vegetation.
Unfortunately, the northern long-eared bat is at risk for extinction. There are a wide variety of reasons why it is at risk for extinction.
White nose syndrome has had a major impact on the population of the northern long eared bat. Symptoms of this syndrome were first noticed in the state of New York in 2006. Ever since the syndrome was first observed it has spread rapidly throughout bats in the United States. This disease has had a huge impact on the bat population, reducing the numbers by 99 percent in the northeastern United States. Scientists are currently unsure about the rate at which the syndrome may spread throughout the United States.
There are other reasons why the population might be declining. There are some areas where the number of caves and mines has been significantly reduced, which reduces the number of areas that bats have to hibernate. Also these bats are especially sensitive to humans interacting with their environment. A reduction in habitat is one possible risk factor for long eared bat populations.
The long eared bat is also at risk of losing summer habitats. Since these bats normally live in holes in trees any industry that might reduce the number of trees is a threat to the northern long eared bat. These threats include things like timber harvests and forest management. The loss of trees is a threat to the northern long eared bat.
There is also a movement to get the northern long eared bat on the endangered species list, so it will be protected federally.
The Northern long eared bat is a bat common throughout the United States.
For all of your Bat problems, Bats Away, a division of Alliance Pest Service, is your local bat control and removal experts in New Jersey and the East Coast.